State persecution of Jehovah’s Witnesses has increased dramatically in recent years. The specific and ongoing persecution of this community across the world is particularly illustrative for global efforts on behalf of freedom of religion or belief (FoRB). Not only do the individuals whom this persecution has directly impacted deserve wider attention, but the underlying dynamics of their circumstances must be recognized in order to effect lasting reform in the relevant countries. Many of the countries covered here are those where Jehovah’s Witnesses are currently imprisoned for their faith, and represent the most severe cases of persecution. However, they do not include the many other countries where the faith is banned or faces official harassment. The situation is ultimately even bleaker than our survey might indicate. This report comes at a critical moment for the Jehovah’s Witness community, amid rising incidents of official repression, and concludes with recommendations for the U.S. government’s engagement with offending states.